+7 (8152) 45-41-07
  • English
  • Русский

Laws and Regulations

Spills of oil and oil products in the Russian Federation are classified as emergency situations (further in the text – ES) and should be liquidated according to the Legislation of the Russian Federation. The Legislation of the Russian Federation covers common rules of contingency and response of ES, as well as standards for various ministries and agencies. Moreover, there are some particular legal documents which regulate order of contingency and response of ES required by oil spills.

Taking this into account, operations on OSCAR could be regulated almost by 50 legal documents, the main of these documents are the following:

Federal Law № 7-FZ of the Russian Federation “On Environmental Protection” dated January 10, 2002

  1. Federal Law N 68-FZ of the Russian Federation “On protection of people and territories from natural and man-caused emergency situations” of December 21, 1994  (as reworded of Federal Law N 93-FZ of May 19, 2010);
  2. Federal Law N 151-FZ of the Russian Federation “On emergency rescue services and status of rescue workers” of  August 22, 1995;
  3. Federal Law N 287-FZ “On changes in Federal Law “On the Russian continental shelf” of December 30, 2012 and Federal Law “On inland sea waters, territorial sea and contiguous zone of the Russian Federation” (goes into effect on July 1, 2013);
  4. Government Decree N 794 of the Russian Federation “On Union State System for Prevention and Response to Emergency Situations” of December 30, 2003;
  5. Government Decree N 613 of the Russian Federation “On emergency measures in oil spill contingency and response” of August 21, 2000;
  6. Government Decree N 240 of the Russian Federation “On action management in oil spill contingency and response operations on the territory of the Russian Federation” of April 15, 2002;
  7. Government Decree N 607 of the Russian Federation “On joining of the Russian Federation to International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation adopted in 1990” of July 23, 2009;
  8. Order of Russian EMERCOM N 621 “On adopting rules of development and adjustment of plans concerning oil spill contingency and response operations on the territory of the Russian Federation” of December 28, 2004;
  9. Order of Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation N 53 “On approving realization of Functional subsystem on organizing operations in marine oil spill contingency and response carrying out from vessels and objects regardless of their departmental and national identity” of April 6, 2009;
  10. Order of Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation N 156 “On approving the lowest level of spill of oil and oil products for classifying spillage to emergency situation” of March 3, 2003.

Federal Law № 7-FZ of the Russian Federation “On Environmental Protection”

Federal Law N 7-FZ determines legal principles of the state policy in the sphere of environmental protection. These principles provide balanced decision between social and economic issues; saving of favorable environment, biological diversity and natural resources in order to satisfy necessities of living and future generations; strengthening of law order in the sphere of environmental safety and providing ecological protection.

Federal Law N 7-FZ regulates relations in the sphere of cooperation between nature and society. These relations appear while realizing economic and other types of activity which influence nature as an integral part of the environment and as a basis for life on our planet. The law operates on the territory of the Russian Federation, Russian continental shelf and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation.

Federal Law N 68-FZ of the Russian Federation “On protection of people and territories from natural and man-caused emergency situations”

Federal Law N 68-FZ determines common for the Russian Federation procedural and institutional rules in the sphere of protection of people and territories from natural and man-caused emergency situations as well as regulates principles and common order of response to emergency situations in this country. According to this federal law, Russia possesses Union State System for Prevention and Response to Emergency Situations (RSES) which unites government agencies, forces and facilities of federal executive authorities and of those in constituent territories of the Russian Federation, local authorities, and organizations which are authorized to solve issues on protection of people and territories from emergency situations.

Federal Law N 151-FZ of the Russian Federation “On emergency rescue services and status of rescue workers”

Federal Law N 151-FZ states common procedural, institutional and economic principles for activity of all emergency rescue services and rescue formations including those on the territory of the Russian Federation. The federal law covers statements about certification of rescue services and formations, about order of their participation in response to emergency situations; also it fixes main principles of activity of rescue workers.

Federal Law N 287-FZ “On changes in Federal Law “On the Russian continental shelf” and Federal Law “On inland sea waters, territorial sea and contiguous zone of the Russian Federation”

Federal Law N 287-FZ installs demands to operating organizations on sea oil spill contingency and response. This law determines peculiarities of using artificial islands, installations, buildings, underwater pipelines, carrying drilling operations on the continental shelf, in inland sea waters and territorial sea.

According to this law, it is allowed to realize these types of activity under geological exploration and research, prospecting and exploitation of hydrocarbon raw as well as under transportation and storage of oil and oil products only if you have a plan which provides all necessary actions for oil spill contingency and response in marine environment.

The plan should be approved by operating organization in the case of favorable opinion of state ecological expertise with further announcement of federal authorities specified by the President of the Russian Federation and the Russian Government.

Operating organization has to carry out the plan, to form the system of inspection for marine environment in the region of their activity, to possess their emergency rescue services and (or) formations, force and facilities. Besides, the plan demands finance support. It could be bank guarantee, insurance contract or document with confirmation for creation of safety fund.

If it is impossible to eliminate the oil spillage only with the plan, operating organization should ask for supplementary forces and facilities of Union State System for Prevention and Response to Emergency Situations. In this case operating organization has to compensate all relevant costs.

There are also fixed duties of operating organization in the case of oil spills. For example, the organization should get back the damage inflicted to the environment.

If operating organization deals with drilling operations or carries out operations with using of artificial islands, installations, buildings, underwater pipelines, and the owner of license for using mineral resources bears joint responsibility for compensation.

The law goes into effect on July 1, 2013.

Government Decree N 794-PP of the Russian Federation “On Union State System for Prevention and Response to Emergency Situations”

Government Decree N 794-PP approves Act which regulates order of organization and functioning of Union State System (RSES). Federal Maritime and River Transport Agency (Rosmorrechflot) and its lower organization, in particular FBI “Russian State Marine Rescue Service”, FBI “AMP”, FSUI “BASU”, FSUI “UASPTR” execute state function to organize operations in marine oil spill contingency and response carrying out from vessels and objects regardless of departmental and national identity.

Government Decree N 613 of the Russian Federation “On emergency measures in oil spill contingency and response”, Government Decree N 240 of the Russian Federation “On action management in oil spill contingency and response operations on the territories of the Russian Federation”

Government Decree N 613-PP determines main demands how to develop plans for oil spill contingency and response for carrying out relevant emergency situations.

Government Decree N 240-PP has changes and supplementary points to Government Decree N 613, besides it contains Rules for operations on oil spill contingency and response on the territory of the Russian Federation.

Government Decree N 607-PP of the Russian Federation “On joining of the Russian Federation to International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation adopted in 1990”

Government Decree N 607-PP joins the Russian Federation to International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation. Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation and “Rosmorrechflot” are national competent establishments, and they are responsible for providing preparedness and response if oil pollution occurs. This Decree according to International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, response and Co-operation provides functioning in the framework of Functional subsystem on organizing operations in marine oil spill contingency and response carrying out from vessels and objects regardless of departmental and national identity which is the part of Union State System (RSES). Inland sea waters, territorial sea and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation compose region of responsibility for national system of providing oil pollution preparedness and response.

Order of Russian EMERCOM N 621 “On adopting rules of development and adjustment of plans concerning oil spill contingency and response operations on the territory of the Russian Federation”

Order of Russian EMERCOM N 621 determines Rules of development and adjustment of plans concerning oil spill contingency and response operations on territory of the Russian Federation. 

Order of Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation N 53 “On approving realization of Functional subsystem on organizing operations in marine oil spill contingency and response carrying out from vessels and objects regardless of their departmental and national identity”

Order of Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation N 53 states realization of Functional subsystem on organizing operations in marine oil spill contingency and response carrying out from vessels and objects regardless of their departmental and national identity. This identifies organization, forces and facilities for functioning subsystem for marine OSR as well as order of activity for this subsystem.

Order of Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation N 156 “On approving the lowest level of spill of oil and oil products for classifying spillage to emergency situation”

Order of Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation N 156 esteems spillage of oil or oil products in 0, 5 tons or more than that in the Arctic Ocean as the case of emergency situation.

Back to Top
Яндекс.Метрика